An analysis of the harmful effects of smoking on the human health

Smoking also causes heart disease, stroke, aortic aneurysm a balloon-like bulge in an artery in the chestchronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD chronic bronchitis and emphysemadiabetesosteoporosisrheumatoid arthritis, age-related macular degenerationand cataractsand worsens asthma symptoms in adults.

Health effects of tobacco

Extensive studies on the chemical constituents of tobacco smoke and their relationship to disease were published by Hoffmann and Hoffmann of the American Health Foundation 8. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol.

Along with increased infections, people who smoke are at higher risk for chronic nonreversible lung conditions such as: Global burden of disease study. In later stages of the disease, patients can only breathe comfortably with oxygen.

In addition to cigarettes, other forms of tobacco include smokeless tobaccocigarspipeshookahs waterpipesbidisand kreteks. Putting down the cigarettes can help slow down this process and keep you breaking a sweat, not your bones, on the dance floor.

This can possibly lead to decreased sexual desire. However, despite an occasional report on the effect of secondhand smoke in nonsmokers, little attention was given to this aspect of smoking until about Still, it may take years for the problem to become noticeable enough for lung disease to be diagnosed.

Tobacco causes narrowing of blood vessels all over your body, including those that supply blood to the penis. Children exposed to secondhand smoke are at an increased risk of SIDS, ear infections, colds, pneumonia, and bronchitis.

Other effects of smoking on the body Other effects of tobacco smoke on the body include: Smoking makes pneumonia and asthma worse. At least two studies have been performed to determine the role of oxidative stress in increasing leukocyte-endothelial interactions that precede the development of atherosclerosis in smokers.

Where to get help. Thus, genes for various activating enzymes such as cytochrome P CYP proteins, and deactivating enzymes such as glutathione S-transferase GSTN-acetyl transferase NAT and uridine diphosphate-glucose transferase have been the main target of many recent studies in the context of tobacco carcinogenesis.

Research efforts in the area of smoking and health would benefit by focusing on studies of the in vivo effects of inhaled whole cigarette smoke in animal models of known specific genetic composition. Cigarette smoke radicals and the role of free radicals in chemical carcinogenicity.

Also, a study that followed a large group of people age 70 and older 7 found that even smokers who quit smoking in their 60s had a lower risk of mortality during follow-up than smokers who continued smoking. Tobacco stains on primarily the second and third fingers of a heavy smoke Inhalation of tobacco smoke causes several immediate responses within the heart and blood vessels.

Heart rate and blood pressurewhich are abnormally high while smoking, begin to return to normal. Also, cigarette smoking interferes with folliculogenesis, embryo transport, endometrial receptivity, endometrial angiogenesisuterine blood flow and the uterine myometrium.

Selection of the genetic composition would also require a thorough consideration of the information available from human molecular epidemiological studies.

Each day, close to 1, kids try their first cigar. Exposure to secondhand smoke carries the same risk to a nonsmoker as someone who does smoke. Each red blood cell contains a protein called haemoglobin that transports oxygen molecules around the body. All rights reserved This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

It would appear necessary to assemble teams of multidisciplinary investigators to perform these coordinated human studies in the field and in the laboratory.

Steinberg F, Chait A. Normally, tiny hair-like structures called cilia in the airways help sweep harmful material out of the lungs. Smoking and pregnancy A number of studies have shown that tobacco use is a significant factor in miscarriages among pregnant smokers, and that it contributes to a number of other threats to the health of the fetus.

Among all metabolic cancer susceptibility genes, the association of GSTM1 deficiency with cancer risk is the most consistent and unidirectional. The frequency of investigations in the area of cigarette smoke composition and chemistry decreased during the last decade.

Generally, the unpleasant symptoms will eventually vanish over time, with repeated use, as the body builds a tolerance to the chemicals in the cigarettes, such as nicotine.

A recent meta-analysis 67 of 18 epidemiological studies 10 cohort and eight case-control further showed an increased RR of CAD in ETS-exposed individuals. Various studies have shown that the risk of developing CAD increases with the number of cigarettes smoked per day, total number of smoking years and the age of initiation, thus indicating a dose-related response.

In this context, many relevant transgenic and knock-out animals that can be effectively used for the study of tobacco-related diseases are now becoming available. With the postwar rise in popularity of cigarette smoking came a virtual epidemic of lung cancer. Ectopic Pregnancy Ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening reproductive complication in women that is more likely in smokers.

In addition to anomalies of biotransformation enzyme genes, inactivation of tumour suppressor genes such as p53, and activation of the proto-oncogene K-ras are also involved in tobacco-related cancers. This suggested that the NO levels may be important in smoking-induced leukocyte-endothelial interactions, at least during the early stages.Effect of cigarette smoking on human health and promising remedy by mangroves.

Nicotine has a number of harmful effects on the human body in stimulating the nervous system, increasing heart beat, raising blood pressure and shrinking the small blood vessels under the skin shrink, which can cause wrinkles.

Health Effects

cost-benefits analysis for. Select your location to view local American Lung Association information near you. 10 Health Effects Caused by Smoking You Didn't Know About.

ByOne study found persons with behavioral health and substance abuse disorders consume about 40 percent of the cigarettes sold in the U.S.

Overview of Smoking & Health Effects of Smoking Tobacco has a negative effect on almost every organ of the body. According to the U.S.

Department of Health & Human Services, tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States, resulting in more thandeaths each year.

The Effects of Smoking essaysThere are an assortment of effects of smoking that can harm a smoker. They can affect not only the smoker's health but also the non-smokers around the smoker.

Smoking - effects on your body

Why should the people around the smoker suffer when they made the decision not to smoke? It slowly kills th. Concern about health effects of tobacco has a long history. The coughing, throat irritation, and shortness of breath caused by smoking have always been obvious.

[citation needed] Pipe smoking gradually became generally accepted as a cause of mouth cancers following work done in the s. Smoking can lead to a variety of ongoing complications in the body, as well as long-term effects on your body systems. While smoking can increase your risk of a variety of problems over several years, some of the bodily effects are immediate.

Learn more about the symptoms and overall effects of smoking on the body below.

An analysis of the harmful effects of smoking on the human health
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