The ITCZ emits less longwave because the cloud tops are high in the atmosphere where it is cold. The solar zenith angle.
So all the radiation you see at these wavelengths is emitted, not reflected.
Cloud radiative forcing CRF is a measure of how effective clouds are at changing shortwave and longwave radiation. Snow, clouds and deserts are good reflectors with high visible albedos, water and land are poor reflectors, low albedos.
Even though these values are small and negative, we say that the forcing is large due to their large absolute value. This part was designed to get you more familiar with dealing with Matlab matrices by using the transpose. Remember the reflection of solar radiation depends on the type of object doing the reflecting, not on temperature.
In making this graph, you have simply averaged the ERBE maps from top to bottom. Absorbed shortwave - outgoing longwave. Emission of longwave radiation. More importantly, you created a 2-dimensional plot of the zonal averages of the shortwave and longwave radiation in July.
The effect of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone ITCZ at around 10 deg is visible because it is cloudy there relative to nearby latitudes; this is because of the high albedo large reflectance of clouds versus land or ocean. For instance, why is the shortwave flux at the top of the atmosphere so large over Africa?
Locations that have lots of clouds that have with cold tops relative to the surface will have low values of LW CRF. Remember that the brightness temperature or the equivalent blackbody temperature assumes the emissivity is 1, a perfect emitter and absorber.
This implies summer in the northern hemisphere NH and winter in the southern hemisphere SH. Absorbed shortwave is low when the shortwave at the TOA is high, because most of the radiation in being reflected back to space.
Reflection of solar radiation. Explain the main features on each of the maps.
Temperature and emissivity of the emitting objects; these may be clouds or the surface. Notice that in the figure you created how the NH is gaining radiation positive values of net radiation in this month, while the SH is losing radiation negative values of net radiation.
The outgoing longwave is low when the temperature of the emitting object is low snow, ice, polesand high when the temperature is high tropics, deserts. It should be obvious that whatever you said about Part I applies here as well. Shortwave Radiation It is instructive to ask yourself a series of simple questions when interpreting any satellite image.
But it still will be much smaller at the North Pole than say the Tropic of Cancer; the sun in directly overhead at local noon on the June solstice at the Tropic of Cancer zenith angle of 90 degbut the zenith angle at the North Pole is only Lab Lesson 7: Sedimentary Rocks, Due end of Week 4 Return to Assessment List Part 1 of 1 - / Points Question 1 of 33 / Points Questions 1 through 5 are based on Lab Exercise #1: Grain Analysis%(28).
Lab 7 Answers CHAPTER 6 ANSWERS TO END OF CHAPTER QUESTIONS 1.
What are the steps in the control function of farm management? The three steps are (1) establish standards for comparing results, (2) measure the actual performance of the farm business, and (3) identify problem areas and take corrective action.
%(1). LABORATORY #7 QUESTIONS 1. A few semesters ago, we compacted several gyratory specimens in our Brovold gyratory compactor using ASTM D The bulk specific gravity of. Question Your Full Name:UMUC Biology /Lab 4: EnzymesINSTRUCTIONS:On your own and without assistance, complete this Lab 4 Answer Sheetelectronically and submit it via the Assignments Folder by the date listed in the CourseSchedule (under Syllabus).To conduct your laboratory exercises, use the Laboratory Manual located underCourse Content.
Lab 7 CatalystsIntroductionPreLab Questions1 What is Essay Lab 7: Catalysts Introduction Pre-Lab Questions 1. What is a catalyst? An enzyme is a biological catalyst that speeds up chemical reactions in the body. 2. If you continue to add more catalyst will the speed of.
Lab 7 CatalystsIntroductionPreLab Questions1 What is Lab 7: Catalysts Introduction Pre-Lab Questions 1. What is a catalyst? An enzyme is a biological catalyst that speeds up chemical reactions in the body.
2. If you continue to add more catalyst will the speed of a reaction always continue to increase?
Explain your answer.Download