Work carefully to make sure you have recorded the source of your notes, and the basic information you will need when citing your source, to save yourself a great deal of time and frustration--otherwise you will have to make extra trips to the library when writing your final draft.
Re-group your notes by re-shuffling your index cards or by color-coding or using symbols to code notes in a notebook. Their studies included hundreds of students from Princeton and UCLA, and the lecture topics ranged from bats, bread, and algorithms to faith, respiration, and economics.
Content analysis of the notes consistently showed that students who used laptops had more verbatim transcription of the lecture material than those who wrote notes by hand. See Using Thesis Statements.
It should allow for reasoning as well as gathering of information—not just what the proto-Iroquoians ate, for instance, but how valid the evidence is for early introduction of corn. How to Use Idea Cards While doing your research you will be making connections and synthesizing what you are learning.
When participants were given an opportunity to study with their notes before the final assessment, once again those who took longhand notes outperformed laptop participants. What to Put into Notes When you take notes, your job is not to write everything down, nor is it a good idea to give into the temptation of photocopying pages or articles.
These findings hold important implications for students who use their laptops to access lecture outlines and notes that have been posted by professors before class. Try making a preliminary list of the subtopics you would expect to find in your reading. By contrast, when typing students can easily produce a written record of the lecture without processing its meaning, as faster typing speeds allow students to transcribe a lecture word for word without devoting much thought to the content.
Working with your notes involves re-grouping them by topic instead of by source. The research by Mueller and Oppenheimer serves as a reminder, however, that even when technology allows us to do more in less time, it does not always foster learning.
It is especially satisfying to shuffle notes and see how the conjunctions create new ideas—yours. Learning involves more than the receipt and the regurgitation of information.
Mueller and Oppenheimer included a study in which participants were asked to take notes by hand or by laptop, and were told they would be tested on the material in a week. Read each group one-by-one, taking notes between groups. How to Work with Notes After you take notes, re-read them.
Later, they either cut up their notes and arrange them as they would the cards, or they color code their notes to help them arrange information for sections or paragraphs of their paper.
This takes too much time and prevents you from using your higher brain functions to filter out and process important information. This way when you come to creating the "Works Cited" or "References" at the end of your paper, you can easily alphabetize your cards to create the list.
Choose a component or angle that interests you, perhaps one on which there is already some controversy. Moreover, high verbatim note content was associated with lower retention of the lecture material.
Notes can be in one of three forms: Review your class notes and textbook and browse in an encyclopaedia or other reference work.
To evaluate this theory, Mueller and Oppenheimer assessed the content of notes taken by hand versus laptop. It appears that students who use laptops can take notes in a fairly mindless, rote fashion, with little analysis or synthesis by the brain.
Your note cards or note sheets will record only ideas that are relevant to your focus on the topic; and they will mostly summarize rather than quote. If you take notes efficiently, you can read with more understanding and also save time and frustration when you come to write your paper.
Obviously it is advantageous to draft more complete notes that precisely capture the course content and allow for a verbatim review of the material at a later date. Plan therefore to invest your research time in understanding your sources and integrating them into your own thinking.
The advantage of notecards is that if you write very specific notes, or only one idea on one side of the card, you can then spread them out on a table and rearrange them as you are structuring your paper. Here are the things that all good notes systems will allow you to have: It is possible these direct instructions to improve the quality of laptop notes failed because it is so easy to rely on less demanding, mindless processes when typing.
Not only will that keep your notetaking focussed, but it will also allow for grouping and synthesizing of ideas later. First, review the commonly known facts about your topic, and also become aware of the range of thinking and opinions on it.
If the source of the advantage for longhand notes derives from the conceptual processes they evoke, perhaps instructing laptop users to draft summative rather than verbatim notes will boost performance.Back to Basics: Perfect Your Note-Taking Techniques. you only want to write down what matters.
Notes are tricky, because you want to keep things simple, and get down only the amount of. Your research note cards should include all the information necessary to write your term paper.
You should take extreme care as you create these note cards, to provide yourself clear, informative notes and also to avoid plagiarism. Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe Don’t Take Notes with a Laptop Mueller and Oppenheimer postulate that taking notes by hand requires different types of.
Apr 17, · Researchers Pam Mueller and Daniel M. Oppenheimer found that students remember more via taking notes longhand rather than on a laptop.
It has to do with what happens when you're forced to slow down.
Steps in Writing a Research Paper; Taking Notes; using page numbers as part of your list of sources at the end of the paper. Many people recommend taking all your notes on notecards. The advantage of notecards is that if you write very specific notes, or only one idea on one side of the card, you can then spread them out on a table and.
The Cornell note-taking method can be applied to taking notes for research. The method helps you retain information. The Cornell system is done on regular notebook paper that’s divided up into four sections.Download